Stem Cell Therapy for Acromio-Clavicular Joint Pain
For the athletes who are involved in games including rugby, football, or baseball, one of the most likely to be injured spot is the acromioclavicular (AC) joint. Being a doctor or an athlete you must be aware of its location and function, however, if you are not then let me first describe it.
AC joint is the major ingredient of the shoulder construction. AC joint is the central spot where the clavicle or collar bone adjoins the scapula ie. shoulder blade. This joining of clavicle and scapula is known as acromion process.
A joint capsule surrounds it to provide protection to AC joint. Furthermore, for some additional stability coracoclavicular, and acromioclavicular ligament comes to help. These two ligaments are the general damage site in most of the AC joint injuries.
Causes of Injury:
So here the question is what causes such suffering? Well, we have discussed above briefly that such injury is the result of the hit to the top of the shoulder directly from any unexpected accident including sudden fall or collision with other players. Due to this application of force, the acromion process presses down beneath clavicle bone.
Moreover, not only the downward but also the sudden abrupt upward movement may cause such injury.
- The painful sensation feels at the terminal of the collar bone.
- You may feel the pain to be spreading along the whole shoulder, and after that, the pain stops at the particular point that the AC joint.
- You may feel the swelling of the joint region.
- You may feel a step disfiguration visible. However, it depends on the intensity of the harm.
- An intense pain arises whenever you try to move the shoulder and also the pain is more severe during the upward motion of the shoulder.
Grading of AC joint injury:
We can appoint various grading scales to the AC joint injury depending on the severity of the injury.
Grade-1 Mild injury:
An athlete will experience a soreness and irritating palpation along with the movement of the joint in the mild AC injury. If you are having a grade 1 of the AC joint injury, then you need not worry as there is only a partial damage happen to your AC joint and the ligaments and you can return to the game within three weeks.
Garde-2 Moderate injury:
In this form of AC joint injury, the acromioclavicular ligaments will experience a complete rupture while there is a partial damage to the coracoclavicular ligament. You may see a visible hump on the shoulder due to the breakdown of the clavicle. You may feel a severe pain and restriction of the shoulder. You may return to the game within 4 to 6 weeks.
Grade-3 Severe injury:
Here comes the third stage or grade of the AC joint injury. In this particular form of damage both the coracoclavicular ligaments and acromioclavicular ligament tear apart. Due to the displacement of the acromioclavicular joint, the bump appears which is profoundly visible.
Stem Cell Therapy or PRP Therapy are Non invasive and a much better Alternative to surgery. In these procedures we utilize the regenerative cells of the patient’s own stem cells or growth factors from the blood and intoduce them into the injured area to achieve the self-healing process of the body. At this time, most athletes’ recovery time is fast and minimally invasive with these procedures.